Uzbekistan, nestled in the heart of Central Asia, beckons travelers with its captivating blend of natural wonders, historical landmarks, and vibrant cultural traditions. Here’s a glimpse into the allure of this unique country:

Uzbekistan on the Map

Uzbekistan on the map

Uzbekistan’s Geographic Overview

Nestled in Central Asia, the Republic of Uzbekistan boasts a diverse landscape and rich natural features:

1. Landlocked Beauty:

Absence of Ocean Access: Uzbekistan is a landlocked country, devoid of access to the World Ocean. Even its neighboring countries, including Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, share this landlocked status.

2. Bordered Richness:

Bordering Nations: Uzbekistan shares its borders with Kazakhstan to the north, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan to the south, west, and east, respectively.

Southern Border with Afghanistan: A 137-kilometer border in the south connects Uzbekistan to Afghanistan.

3. Varied Topography:

Desert Majesty: The vast Kyzylkum Desert dominates the western part of the country, showcasing arid landscapes and unique desert life.

Mountainous East and South: The eastern and southern regions are adorned by the snow-capped peaks of the Tien Shan mountains, providing a stark contrast to the desert plains.

River Valleys: Life in Uzbekistan revolves around the fertile valley nestled between the Syr Darya and the Amu Darya rivers. These major waterways contribute significantly to the country’s ecosystem.

4. Water Reservoirs:

Vanishing Aral Sea: Once a significant part of Uzbekistan’s northwest, the Aral Sea has diminished due to environmental factors.

Artificial Reservoirs: Aidarkul, one of the largest artificial reservoirs, spans 3,000 square kilometers and stands as a testament to Uzbekistan’s efforts in water management.

5. Fergana Valley:

Western Oasis: The fertile Fergana Valley in the far west, surrounded by the Tien Shan mountains, is a lush and blossoming region known as the breadbasket of Uzbekistan.

6. Mountain Peaks:

Hazrat Sultan Peak: The country’s highest point, Hazrat Sultan Peak, at 4,643 meters, lies on the border with Kyrgyzstan, offering panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes.

7. Flora and Fauna:

Wildlife: Uzbekistan’s wildlife includes various ungulates such as deer, gazelles, goats, and sheep. While not diverse, the region is home to rare species like the snow leopard.

Forest Coverage: The country’s forest cover is limited to 5%, contributing to the unique ecological balance.

Uzbekistan, with its contrasting terrains, from deserts to mountains, presents a captivating canvas for those eager to explore the wonders of Central Asia.

Tourist Safety in Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan, nestled in Central Asia, offers a generally safe environment for tourists, but it’s essential to be aware of certain considerations:

Global Peace Index: Uzbekistan is positioned 104th in the Global Peace Index, indicating a moderate level of peace. This places it alongside countries like Brazil and Georgia.

Crime and Safety: Uzbekistan experiences a lower crime rate compared to neighboring countries. Serious crimes and terrorist acts are rare, but petty theft, including pickpocketing, can occur. Tourists are advised to stay vigilant and secure their belongings.

Local Gypsies – Lyuli: Some local groups, known as Lyuli, engage in activities like begging, extortion, and theft near tourist spots. It’s recommended to avoid interactions with them for safety.

Traffic Situation: Traffic is generally calm, but larger cities may have tense traffic situations. Traffic rules are typically observed, contributing to a safer driving environment.

Health Precautions:

  • Vaccinations: While no mandatory vaccinations are required, it’s advisable for tourists to consider vaccinations against hepatitis, typhoid, and tetanus.
  • Sanitary Conditions: Overall, sanitary and hygienic conditions in the country are good. Tap water is generally safe in most cities, but using bottled water, washing fruits and vegetables, and avoiding dubious street establishments are recommended practices.

Climate and Natural Hazards:

  • Intense Summer Heat: Uzbekistan experiences a very bright sun and intense heat, with summer temperatures reaching up to +50 degrees Celsius. Dry climate conditions make it more bearable.
  • Poisonous Creatures: While no dangerous animals are prevalent, encounters with poisonous snakes, scorpions, and tarantulas are possible, especially in desert regions.

In summary, Uzbekistan presents itself as a calm and safe destination, with tourists enjoying their stay by adhering to basic rules of caution and personal hygiene. Staying vigilant against petty crimes, respecting local customs, and being mindful of the climate contribute to a positive and secure travel experience in this Central Asian gem.

Uzbekistan’s Festive Spirit

  • Праздники 1 Новый год в Ташкенте

Uzbekistan, a land of joyous and lively people, embraces a rich tapestry of holidays, blending secular and religious celebrations that reflect the nation’s vibrant culture:

Secular Celebrations:

  • Independence Day: A day of national pride, commemorating Uzbekistan’s independence.
  • Constitution Day: Honoring the principles and values embedded in the country’s constitution.
  • Mentor’s Day: A special occasion to express gratitude to mentors and educators for their contributions.
  • New Year’s Day: Welcoming the new year with festivities, joy, and hope.
  • Women’s Day: Recognizing and celebrating the achievements and contributions of women in society.

Religious Festivals:

  • Nowruz: A joyous celebration marking the arrival of spring, Nowruz is a time for lively concerts, performances by folk artists, and the traditional treat of sumalyak.
  • Kurban Bayram: Also known as Eid al-Adha, this festival commemorates the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God.
  • Uraza Bayram: Also called Eid al-Fitr, Uraza Bayram marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. It is a time for prayers, feasting, and acts of charity.

The celebration of Nowruz, in particular, resonates deeply in Uzbekistan, symbolizing not only the arrival of spring but also the spirit of renewal and unity. Festivities during Nowruz include a delightful array of cultural performances and the communal sharing of sumalyak, a sweet dish prepared with sprouted wheat.

In Uzbekistan, every holiday becomes an opportunity to come together, celebrate life, and share the joyous spirit that defines the nation. Whether secular or religious, these occasions offer a glimpse into the cultural richness and conviviality that characterize Uzbek festivities.

Exploring Uzbekistan: Diverse Activities Await You

  • Развлечения 1 пляжи Чарвак

Uzbekistan, with its rich cultural heritage and diverse landscapes, offers a wide range of activities for tourists. Here are 10 attractive attractions and activities that make Uzbekistan an enticing destination:

1. Beach Vacation: Contrary to the desert stereotype, Uzbekistan has picturesque reservoirs like Charvak. Enjoy swimming and sunbathing surrounded by high mountains.

2. Rafting: Experience rafting on the Ugam River, located 70 km from Tashkent. Various routes cater to different skill levels, and a three-day tour costs around $150.

3. Equestrian Tourism: Explore the mountains and valleys on equestrian routes. A tour to Pulatkhan Plateau and Chimgan Mountains costs from $105 per person.

4. Rock Climbing and Mountaineering: Conquer new peaks with routes suitable for both beginners and experienced climbers. Tour costs range from $70 to $250.

5. Mountain Skiing: Ski at resorts like Chimgan and Beldersay, located 80 km from Tashkent. Family-friendly Chimgan and downhill skiing at Beldersay offer a seven-day vacation for $450.

6. Bukhara: Explore the ancient city of Bukhara with its fortresses, minarets, palaces, and mausoleums.

7. Samarkand: Visit Samarkand and witness the iconic Registan Square, surrounded by three ancient madrassahs: Ulugbek, Tillya-Kari, and Sherdor.

8. Fergana Valley: Immerse yourself in the beauty of Fergana Valley, surrounded by alpine meadows and snow-capped mountains. Best visited from April to June.

9. Oriental Bazaars: Experience the vibrant atmosphere of Oriental bazaars, offering souvenirs, spices, and renowned Bukhara carpets.

10. Desert Safari: Embark on a camel safari through the desert, following the Silk Road. A popular route is a two-day trek from Bukhara to Samarkand, with an overnight stay in a nomad’s yurt.

Essential Information for Traveling to Uzbekistan

If you are planning a trip to Uzbekistan, here are some key facts to know:


The official language is Uzbek, spoken by the majority of the population.

Russian is widely spoken in urban areas.

Karakalpak language is spoken in Karakalpakstan.


Uzbekistan has a population of over 36 million, with half residing in urban areas.

The country is multi-ethnic, with approximately 85% ethnic Uzbeks. Significant populations include Tajiks, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, and Russians.

Karakalpaks, in the autonomous republic of Karakalpakstan, are considered a national minority.

  • More interesting facts about Uzbeks, their character and local color can be found in this article.


  • The national currency is the Uzbek som, divided into 100 tiyins.
  • Banknotes: 1000, 2000, 5000, 10,000, 20,000, 50,000, 100,000, and 200,000 soms.
  • Coins: 50, 100, 200, 500, and 1000 soms.
  • It’s advisable for tourists to carry cash dollars in denominations of 50 and 100.
  • Payments are made in local currency, and major cities accept international cards issued by Uzbek banks.

Exchange Rate:

  • Exchange dollars at banks, ATMs in shopping centers and hotels. Airport exchangers may offer less favorable rates.
  • The approximate exchange rate is 1 dollar to 12,000 soms.


Uzbekistan is a secular state, but around 90% of the population is Muslim.

About 7% of the population is Christian, with 4% being Orthodox Christians.


The country is situated in a region characterized by a pronounced continental climate, featuring substantial temperature variations between winter and summer, and within deserts, between day and night.

Summers are extremely hot and dry, with infrequent rainfall. Average temperatures soar to +30-32 degrees Celsius, reaching maximums between +40 to +50 degrees. In desert areas, the sand can absorb even more heat, registering temperatures up to +80 degrees.

Winters bring an average temperature hovering around 0 degrees Celsius, occasionally accompanied by severe frosts plummeting to -30 degrees.

The country experiences meager precipitation, with the western regions receiving only 100 millimeters annually, while mountainous areas may receive up to 500 millimeters. Consequently, the air remains consistently dry, with humidity levels staying as low as 40%.

For travelers, the optimal times to visit Uzbekistan are from April to early June and from September to November.

Water Temperature in Reservoirs

The water temperature in reservoirs such as Charvak or Aidarkul in Uzbekistan experiences seasonal fluctuations, impacting its suitability for swimming. The beach season typically begins in early May when the water warms up to +20 degrees Celsius.

Water Temperature Breakdown:

  • Winter (December-January): Ranges from +11 to +15 degrees Celsius.
  • Spring (March-May): Increases from +16 to +20 degrees Celsius.
  • Summer (June-July): Reaches temperatures from +21 to +23 degrees Celsius.
  • Fall (September-November): Starts around +21 degrees in early fall and decreases to +16 degrees in November.

Natural Disasters

Uzbekistan stands out as one of the safest places on Earth in terms of natural disasters, despite being located in an active tectonic zone within the young Tien Shan mountains. While seismic activity is present, significant earthquakes are rare, with only five catastrophic events recorded throughout the entire 20th century and none reported in the current century.

Floods, a common natural disaster in many countries, are infrequent in Uzbekistan and typically result from specific incidents, such as the rupture of a dam on a mountain river, as observed in May 2020. This rarity is attributed to the country’s unique geographical and climatic conditions.

Dust storms occasionally occur, but major cities are seldom affected. Conversely, drought is a recurrent challenge, intensifying over the years due to global climate change trends.

Uzbekistan’s resilience to natural disasters is evident in its minimal damage compared to neighboring countries. Only 5% of the total damage caused by various disasters in the region is attributed to Uzbekistan. In contrast, Kyrgyzstan reports a staggering 70% share of damage, while Kazakhstan stands at 10%. This stark contrast indirectly underscores Uzbekistan’s commitment to disaster preparedness and mitigation efforts.

  • For an in-depth exploration of the most devastating disasters in Uzbekistan’s history, refer to the accompanying article.

Political Structure

Uzbekistan operates as a presidential republic, where the president serves as the head of the executive branch.

The legislative authority is vested in the bicameral parliament known as Oliy Majlis, comprising the Senate and the Lower House.

Administratively, Uzbekistan is divided into 12 regions, 1 autonomous republic (Karakalpakstan), and 1 city with republican subordination.

Tashkent, the largest city and cultural hub, serves as the capital of the country. The political framework underscores a structured governance system aimed at fostering stability and effective governance throughout Uzbekistan.

Largest Cities and Resorts

Tashkent, founded in the II century BC, stands as Uzbekistan’s largest and most densely populated city, housing over 3 million residents. Functioning as the country’s primary political and cultural hub, Tashkent attracts tourists with its captivating architecture, historical monuments, mausoleums, museums, as well as its luxurious parks and fountains.

Samarkand, one of the oldest cities in Uzbekistan, dates back to the VIII century BC. Currently, it ranks as the third most populous city in the republic, with nearly 600 thousand inhabitants. Samarkand is renowned for its rich historical monuments, showcasing the nation’s cultural heritage.

Fergana, established in 1876, is a relatively young city with a population of 380 thousand, serving as the administrative center of the Fergana region. The city boasts numerous historical monuments and fortresses, complemented by the stunning natural beauty of the surrounding valley.

Bukhara, founded in the VI century BC and once the capital of the Bukhara Khanate, currently accommodates less than 300 thousand residents. This ancient city is a popular tourist destination, celebrated for its vibrant architectural complexes that showcase Uzbekistan’s colorful history and cultural identity.

Symbols of Uzbekistan

Cotton stands as the primary agricultural crop in Uzbekistan, forming the cornerstone of the country’s economy.

Plov, a traditional Uzbek dish crafted from rice and mutton, holds cultural significance, with the nation boasting over 60 unique recipes for this iconic culinary creation.

Tyubeteika, a national headdress adorned with vibrant patterns, occasionally embroidered with gold, serves as a distinctive symbol of Uzbek identity.

The Uzbek robe, a traditional garment for men, remains an integral part of the local attire, reflecting the cultural heritage of the region.

Sarnai or Zurna, a traditional wind musical instrument, takes center stage as an indispensable participant in various folk festivals, contributing to the rich tapestry of Uzbek musical traditions.

Getting to Uzbekistan

For European or American tourists, the primary mode of reaching Uzbekistan is by air, utilizing international flights. Neighboring country residents, on the other hand, have convenient options like intercity buses and trains for easy access.

Tashkent, the capital, is directly linked to Bishkek and Almaty through a well-established railroad connection, providing efficient transportation for those traveling by train.

Uzbekistan boasts 11 international airports, with the Islam Karimov Airport in Tashkent serving as the country’s primary air gateway. Handling over 5 million passengers annually, this airport facilitates connections to various neighboring countries in the region and hosts flights from major international cities such as Abu Dhabi, Seoul, Istanbul, Beijing, Warsaw, Milan, Paris, and New York. This comprehensive air network ensures accessibility for travelers from different parts of the world, contributing to the country’s status as a welcoming destination for global visitors.

Cost of a vacation in Uzbekistan?

The cost of a vacation in Uzbekistan varies based on factors such as independent travel versus using travel services, accommodation preferences, and the choice of guided tours. Here’s a breakdown of potential expenses:

1. Flight: For European tourists, flights to Tashkent can be relatively inexpensive, with round-trip tickets from Paris starting at around 300 euros in the lowest price segment. Travelers from other cities may require 1-2 connections.

2. Tour Packages: Budget tours to Uzbekistan can start from 800 to 1200 dollars for 7 days, excluding the flight. These options cater to budget travelers and those looking for cost-effective travel solutions.

3. Accommodation: Accommodation costs in Uzbekistan vary. A double room in a three-star hotel averages around $40, while hostels offer more economical options starting at $14. Five-star hotels with enhanced comfort may have room rates starting from $100.

4. Food: Food prices in Uzbekistan are generally lower than in Europe. For instance, lunch in an inexpensive restaurant can cost between $15-50 for two people (excluding alcohol), while a snack in a fast-food setting might be around $3-4. A cup of cappuccino is typically $1-1.5, and a cheeseburger costs about $1.

5. Attractions: Entrance fees to museums or amusement parks vary. Many historical sites and mosques are free to visit. Group excursions can range from $20 in Bukhara to $75 in Samarkand. Specialized excursions, such as visiting the Chimgan Mountains waterfall or exploring the city of Khiva and three ancient fortresses in the Kyzylkum mountains, may cost $120 to $150.

6. Souvenirs: Souvenir costs are individual and can vary widely. Popular items include painted ceramics, embroidery suzane, skullcaps, robes, clay figurines, and clothing made of local cotton. Spices, cotton honey, fruits, dried fruits, nuts, and flatbreads are also sought after.

7. Transportation: Getting around cities is affordable, with public transport options like buses and shuttles costing around 12 to 20 cents for a ticket. Cabs are available through popular ride-hailing apps, with a typical starting fare of $0.5 and an additional $0.3-0.5 per kilometer.

Considering unforeseen expenses and with a reserve amount, a 7-day vacation for two people in Uzbekistan, including the flight, may range from $1500 to $2000. It’s important to note that the total cost can vary based on personal preferences, travel style, and specific activities undertaken during the stay.


If you have already visited Uzbekistan, please share your impressions in the comments. Please write a few words about what you liked most, what moments you will always remember and what you would recommend to other tourists. We will be very grateful for your recommendations!

Note Before Comment Form

Cookie Law Policy Accept Button Read More